Adam Lambert was born on February 28,1840, the second child of Isaac and Catharine (Liles) Lambert in Logan County, Ohio. By 1850, according to the census for that year, the family had moved to Richland Township, Wyandot County. Adam was the older brother of Jesse Lambert who also enlisted in Company I of the 45th OVI.
On July 11, 1862, at Patterson, Hardin County, Ohio, Lambert enlisted at the rank of private for a three-year term in Company I of the 45th OVI . Captain Comfort E. Stanley conducted his enlistment. His commanding officers were First Lieutenant (later Captain) Esrom B. Crow, Captain William M. Williams and Colonel Benjamin P. Runkle. His post office was in Wharton, Wyandot County, Ohio. He was mustered into the service on August 19, 1862 at Camp Chase, Columbus, Ohio by Captain Alexander E. Drake. At the time of his enlistment he was 22 years old, stood five feet, eight inches tall, and was described as having a light complexion, blue eyes, and light hair. His occupation was farmer.
Lambert survived the first seventeen months of his enlisted duty unscathed. His luck ran out at the Battle of Holston River on November 15, 1863. While the 45th was retreating from Rockford, Tennessee north towards Knoxville, Lambert was captured by Confederate forces. The date was either November 15 or 18, with the latter being more likely.
Lambert was taken to Belle Isle prison, in Richmond, Virginia. He stayed there until December 7, 1863, when he was moved to Libby Prison, also in Richmond. On June 21, 1864, after six months at Libby, he was transferred to Andersonville prison in Georgia. He survived five months there and on November 11, 1864 was moved to Camp Lawton near Millen, Georgia in preparation for being returned to Union lines. On November 20, 1864 he was paroled and, on November 21, was sent to Savannah, Georgia, where he boarded a ship for Camp Parole in Annapolis, Maryland.
Immediately after his release Lambert was reported as suffering from diarrhea. Subsequent physical examinations for his pension application revealed that injuries to the head from a physical assault during his captivity had resulted in recurrent abscesses in the frontal sinus region. Witnesses for his pension application were Sheplar Fisher and Charles H. Durfey, musician, both former privates in Company I.
After recovering from his ordeal, Lambert returned to his unit and served until he was mustered out by Captain John I. Morris, 20th Battery Indiana Volunteers on June 12, 1865 at Camp Harker, Tennessee. Colonel John H. Humphrey was in charge of the regiment at the time. Lambert had served exactly two years and seven months.
After the war, Lambert lived for several years in Wyandot County with his family. In 1868 he decided to move westward. After spending time in Illinois and Texas, he and his family finally settled in Wanette, Pottawatomie County, Oklahoma. He died there on June 7, 1921.
Information for this biography was supplied by Gary C. Ritter, LTC (ret), US Army <firstname.lastname@example.org>.