George Cramer enlisted as a private for a three-year term in Company C of the 45th OVI on July 18, 1862. He was 18 years old.
He was later promoted to corporal, but was reduced from that rank, at his own request, in September 1862. In July of 1863, he joined the 45th OVI in its pursuit of Morgan's Raiders, during which he was thrown against the pommel of his saddle, causing a painful, lingering injury to his groin.
On October 20, 1863 he was captured by Confederate forces at Philadelphia, Tennessee. According to an affadavit he filed with his pension application, he was taken to Belle Isle prison in Richmond, where he stayed until March of 1864. He was then transferred to Andersonville prison,.
According to family legend, he escaped from Andersonville, but being ill would not have gotten far save for the help of a male slave, who hid him in a loft and fed him until he was fit to travel. Unfortunately, he was later recaptured and returned to camp.
He remained in Andersonville until September 1864, when he was sent to Charleston, South Caroloina. He was tranferred yet again, to the prison at Florence, South Carolina and then to Gouldsboro, North.Carolina. Here he made another escape, in February 1865, and rejoined Federal troops at Wilmington, North.Carolina. This despite a severe case of the scurvy that claimed so many of his comrades.
Cramer was discharged on May 6, 1865 at Baltimore, Maryland. He lived a long life and is buried in a small cemetery in Fairview, Oklahoma.
Information for this biography was supplied by Oscar Chambers and Wesley E. Stokes.
The following affadavits were filed on behalf of George Cramer's pension application:
Marion Center Kansas
June 9, 1880
To Hon. Commissioner of Pensions.Washington D.C.
The undersigned respectfully represents:
1st that on the 1st day of July 1862 he enlisted as private in Co. C" 45th
Reg. Ohio Vol. Capt Wm. Hall???, Comd'g Co.
That he was discharged therefore on the 16th day of May at Baltimore Maryland by reason of telegram from AGO dated May 4, 1865.
That during said term of service to with Sept. 1863 he was taken prisoner 6 miles from Loudon Tenn. by the Confederate forces, and was carried to Richmond Va. (Belle Island Prison) there incarcerated until March 1864, when he was transfered to Andersonville Prison Georgia, where he was held until September 1864, when he was again sent to Charleston S.C. prison, remaining there, and at Florence S.C. then to Gouldsboro, N.C. at which latter place he made his escape in February 1865 and again joined the United States forces at Wilmington, N.C.
That at the time he was taken prisoner he had received and was a wounded soldier, said wound being received while in the service of the United States.
That said wound consists of a rupture of the scrotum caused by being thrown from a horse.
That while in Prison at the several places named heretofore he contracted Scurvy in it worst form.
The undersigned makes application for pension for the reason, that he has not recovered from the effects of said rupture and scurvy to this date.
(signed) George Cramer
Late Privt. Co. C. 45th Ohio Vols.
case John W. Williams
State of Kansas
Marion County S.S.
George Cramer being duly sworn on oath says: That the matters and things above set forth are true
(signed) George Cramer
Sworn and subscribed before me the 9th June 1880
(signed)John W. Williams
State Ohio Auglaize Co. S.S.
Personally appeared before me J.L. Mahin a Notary Public in and for said County this the 23rd day of May AD 1883. E.H. Ewing and Martin McBeth whose P.O. Address in New Hampshire Auglaize County Ohio and being duly sworn according to law deposeth and saith that they belonged to Company C 45th Volunteer Infantry Ohio and knew George W. Cramer and knew that he was a member of the same Company C knew him before he volunteered he was then not afflicted with rupture but after being mounted and while on the Morgan Raid he was thrown forward on the pommel of the saddle and hurt causing rupture on the left side. After which he could hardly keep up with the rest of us also sometime in October 1863 at Philadelphia Tennessee he was taken prisoner by the enemy and held by them until the Spring of 1865 when he returned a mere skeleton badly afflicted with scurvy and further deponent saith not.
(signed) E.H.Ewing, corporal