Lt. Gen. James Longstreet
By Matthew Brady
Nashville battlefield, Federal outer line
Photographed by George Barnard (1819-1902) on
After the battle of Campbell's Station, General Burnside retired to the defenses of Knoxville with the skeleton Ninth Corps and some raw troops, which afterward constituted a part of the Twenty-Third Corps. On the night of the 18th the mounted division was moved across the river, and next day commenced skirmishing with Longstreet's advance in front of Knoxville. On the following day, November 18th, Sanders' division was hotly engaged, and toward evening driven from the breastworks of rain by which it was partially protected. It was at this juncture that Brigadier-General Sanders commanding the division, and Adjutant Fearns, of the Forty-Fifth, fell mortally wounded. These troops were again moved across the Holston River and posted in the works on its south bank, where they remained until the siege was abandoned in December. In the fighting of the 18th of November the Forty-Fifth lost five men killed and six mortally wounded, including the Adjutant.
The regiment was next engaged in the action at Bean's Station, on the 14th of December, but without sustaining any loss.
After Longstreet retired toward Virginia the Forty-Fifth, with the Eleventh and Twenty. Seventh Kentucky Mounted Infantry, were sent to Cumberland Gap, and that neighborhood, where they remained until the 8th of February, 1864, when, the animals of the brigade being nearly all worn out, it was marched to Mount Sterling, Kentucky, to be refitted and remounted. This design, however, was never carried out and the regiment ever after served as infantry proper.
Leaving Mount Sterling April 6th, and Camp Nelson on the
19th of the same month, the Forty-Fifth, with the One Hundred and Twelfth Illinois, and the Eleventh and Sixteenth Kentucky Regiments, marched across the mountains to East Tennessee, reaching Knoxville on the 3rd of May.
In a few days the regiment was forwarded by rail to Cleveland, Tennessee, whence it marched to Tunnel Hill, Georgia, where it was attached to the Second Brigade, Second Division, Twenty-Third Army Corps, on the llth. Three days later the battle of Resaca was fought in which action the Forty-Fifth regiment had two men killed and three mortally wounded; one of whom was Captain Scott, of Company A, who commanded the left wing on the occasion, in the absence of the Lieutenant-Colonel and Major. It afterward participated in many of the actions which marked the remarkable Atlanta campaign, which closed with the affair at Lovejoy's Station, having been engaged at New Hope Church, near Dallas, Lost Mountain, and in front of Kenesaw Mountain, besides many other points. Toward the end of June the Forty-Fifth was transferred to the Second Brigade of the First Division, Fourth Corps.
With the Fourth Corps the regiment returned to Middle Tennessee early in November, 1864, and participated in the sanguinary battle of Franklin, and afterward in the two days' fighting in front of Nashville, which resulted so disastrously to the Rebel Army of Tennessee under General Hood In the spring of 1865 the Forty-Fifth accompanied the Fourth Corps to East Tennessee; returned with it to Nashville toward the end of April, and was then mustered out of service, on the 15th of the following June having at that time two months to serve to complete its term of enlistment.